Zwe Hlaing Bwa

စိတ္ကူးတည့္ရာေရးထားေသာ ဘေလာ့ခ္

Archive for October, 2008

When the going gets tough….

Posted by Zwe on October 22, 2008

…job seekers should look beyond monetary considerations
YOU read and hear about it almost every day. Singapore’s growth rate has been revised down even as the cost of living goes up.
In the words of Prime Mister Lee Hsien Loong in his National Day message, Singaporeans must prepare for a bumpy year ahead.
When the economy is going through a challenging period, business become cautious, hesitant to commit to salary increases and bonuses.
So what do you do if you are looking for a new job?
Besides looking at salary and bonus expectations, there are many other factors that should be taken into consideration:
1. Medical benefits
Many companies provide basic medical benefits for their employees, covering consultation and prescription medicines and hospital expenses. In most cases, the benefit goes to the employee only.
A few companies, like logistics gain FedEx, go beyond the norm provide medical coverage for employees’ immediate family members as well.
This benefit not only provides the peace of mind that comes from knowing that love ones are taken care of, there is also a real monetary gain from not having to provide medical cover personally or having to pay out large sums in the event of sickness in the family.
2. Life-long Learning
The Government constantly encourages citizens to upgrade their qualifications or learn new skills.
However, education does not come cheap, and as most people have heavy commitments, ongoing education is often not an option.
Therefore, an employer who offers an education reimbursement programme for employees – with thousands dollars annually – is providing a serious opportunity for the advancement of its employees.
3. Career progression
Can you see yourself moving up the ranks of the company?
Career progression – the opportunity to move up the corporate ladder in a planned, comprehensive way -should also form a part of any decision to take up a new job.
Companies that offer a “no-limits” career path are rare in this day and age, and they are usually the kinds of organizations that have a very low employee turnover rate at all levels.
For example, more that 90 percent of the managers at FedEx began their careers in non-management positions, and many of the senior executives have come from the junior ranks.
Even Mr. David L. Cunningham the president of FedEx Asia Pacific, began his career sorting and loading packages in the company’s Memphis hub.
4. Working environment
You spend almost one-third of your day at work, so you should really pay attention to the type of environment being offered by a prospective employer.
A healthy and constructive environment can be achieved through communication. Open or two-way communication gives employees the opportunity to talk with management about issues that affect them in the workplace, and take ownership of their environment.
Employees who have the opportunity to communicate with management about all aspects of the company are in a nurturing work environment.
Check with people who work in the organization you are interested in joining.
Is it an organization that listens to all its employees and takes their concerns seriously? Does it ensure that communication is open and transparent and encourage feedback without fear?
5. Job satisfaction
A recent study showed that one-third of Asian workers felt frustrated about their work. The reasons cited included a lack of empowerment and professional development.
Achieving job satisfaction makes employees happy and committed to a company.
In addition to a range of employee recognition programmes, annual professional training and engaging employees in day-to-day operations as well as broader business management and planning are some of the many ways companies like FedEx reward, retain and attract talent.
6. Work-life balance
Many employees feel that stress is a major factor in their working lives. Having enough time to spend with loved ones outside of work is crucial for them to recharge and relieve stress.
Striking a balance at home and work actually benefits both the employee and the employer. There is ample evidence to suggest that if an employee is taken care of, he will, in turn, take care of the company’s customers, and that will take care of the profit.
Monetary reward, although an important consideration, should not be the only criteria for choosing a job.
A caring and supportive company enables employees to be more productive, and productive employees are generally happier.
Article by Amy Leung


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Financial crisis could cost 20 million jobs by end 2009

Posted by Zwe on October 21, 2008

GENEVA: The financial crisis could lead to record global unemployment with 20 million more people out of work by the end of 2009, International Labour Organisation chief Juan Somavia warned on Monday.

Estimates from the ILO indicate that the “number of unemployed could rise from 190 million in 2007 to 210 million in late 2009,” said Somavia, marking the “first time in history that we pass 210 million.”

The population of working poor living on less than a dollar a day could grow by 40 million and those on two dollars a day by over 100 million, added the ILO.

But Somavia said these projections “could prove to be underestimates if the effects of the current economic contraction and looming recession are not quickly confronted.”

Thousands of jobs have already been slashed on Wall Street and other financial centres as banks collapse or are forced to merge due to the credit crunch.

But the ILO said the axe was likely to reach ordinary working people, with sectors including construction, the automotive industry, tourism, services and real estate bearing the brunt of the financial storm.

Somavia, who had earlier urged greater protection for workers in the crisis, said: “This is not simply a crisis on Wall Street, this is a crisis on all streets. We need an economic rescue plan for working families and the real economy, with rules and policies that deliver decent jobs.”

Most vulnerable are the poor, stressed the ILO, echoing the results of a report on income inequalities it released last week that warned that the gap between rich and poor could widen due to the financial crisis.

“The gap between richer and poorer households widened since the 1990s,” said Raymond Torres, director of the ILO’s research arm which produced its “World of Work Report 2008.”

“The present global financial crisis is bound to make matters worse unless long-term structural reforms are adopted,” he added last Thursday.

Global unemployment stands at 6.1 percent, but many countries are seeing jobless rates nudging up.

Hong Kong earlier Monday said its jobless rate rose to 3.4 percent for the three months to September, compared to 3.2 percent in the three months to August.

Meanwhile, the United States reported earlier this month that it had lost 159,000 jobs in September.

Somavia called for “prompt and coordinated government actions to avert a social crisis” and said he welcomed calls for “better financial regulation and a global surveillance system of checks and balances.”

“We must return to the basic function of finance, which is to promote the real economy. To lend so that entrepreneurs can invest, innovate, produce jobs and goods and services,” he said.

The crisis offered an “opportunity” to re-balance globalisation which had grown “unfair, unsustainable and unbalanced,” he added. – AFP/de

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Managing the boss from hell

Posted by Zwe on October 17, 2008

THE workplace can be a veritable minefield – with tyrants and advantage – taking bosses out to undermine your success. If you find yourself in that situation, you will need to deflect the potential damage and protect yourself behind a “bully barrier”.

The first weapon you will need is the ability to ignore desperate behaviors. Granted, this may sound like a cop-out, but “if you ignore by choice, it’s not cowardice; it’s being assertive,” says Ms Hilda Meltzer, a New York career coach and assertiveness training specialist.

Besides, when tyrants rant and rave and you respond by cowering or losing your cool, this plays right into their hands, assuring them that they are powerful and in control.

“When these bosses know they can get to you, they will,” says Robert Bramson, author of Coping With Difficult Bosses.

“But the flip side is also true. When they know they can’t get to you, they won’t bother,” he adds.

Calm in the storm

Try defusing the anger by asking questions. Keep in mind that if a tyrant has lost control, it usually means he is feeling insecure.

You can help him chill, focus and get back to the business at hand by asking questions: “What’s the problem here?” “What needs to be done right now?” “How can I help?”

This subtly reassures the tyrant that he is the boss. It also reminds him that you are on his side, and that you are both working toward mutual goals.

Separate the message from the medium. Suppose the tyrant has humiliated you in front of your colleagues or said some nasty things to you in private. His behavior may be inexcusable, but is his message justified?

In other words, behind the tantrums or sarcasm, does he have good reason to complain about you or your work? Be honest with yourself.

Stand up to abuse

There will be situations where you can’t bite your tongue – and you should not have to. But how to respond to a tyrant’s vicious personal attacks?

Calmly tell your boss: “I am a professional. I will not tolerate you talking to me like this. I expect you tolerate me like a professional – with courtesy and without putting me down or yelling.”

Says Jeffrey Caponigro, author of The Crisis Counselor: “When you do this, bullies often back down because they recognize that you won’t be a victim who will let them get away with their antics.”

Document everything. Save vicious memos, print nasty e-mails, and write down every insult your bully boss hurls your way – just in case you need to share all these with human resources should a tyrant try to oust you from your job.

If this strategy does not work, realize that you are probably not going to change him. You can, however, change how you react to him by simply detaching yourself – and even feeling a little sorry for him. And that can make an impossible boss more tolerable.

Article by Connie Glaser

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Is your heart in the right place?

Posted by Zwe on October 13, 2008

EMOTIONAL intelligence or EQ is the ability to use emotions effectively. Author Daniel Goleman, in his best – selling book “Emotional Intelligence”, laid out a powerful argument that factors such as self-awareness, self-discipline and empathy determine personal and professional success.

Some people just know how to get along with others; some people are more self-confident, and some are great at inspiring people. All these come from a set of skills called EQ.

Additional EQ skills are identifying and changing emotions, motivating yourself and empathizing with another person. Everyone has emotional intelligence – but for most people, it is an underdeveloped area and an untapped resource.

“Emotional intelligence is the ability to perceive emotions, to access and generate emotions so as to assist thought, to understand emotions and emotional knowledge, and to reflectively regulate emotions so as to promote emotional and intellectual growth”, wrote psychologist John D.Mayer and Dr Peter Salovey, dean and professor of psychology at Yale University, who co-developed a popular model of emotional intelligence.

Everyone can learn the EQ skills to build more successful relationships. The challenge is to see the value of emotional intelligence, then to begin using these EQ skills on a daily basis. Says Dr Salovey: “Yes, we can control emotions. The trick is doing it in the right way at the right time.”

This is not a new idea. Around 350BC, the great Greek philosopher Aristotle wrote: “Anyone can become angry – that is easy. But to be angry with the right person, to right degree, at the right time, for the right purpose, and in the right way – that is not easy.”

Goleman estimated that 90 percent of the difference between a “good leader” and an “excellent leader” can be attributed to EQ. The primary reason people leave a job is relationship-based. One of the key factors is the quality of the relationship between the employee and his manager.

As leadership guru Richard Leider says; ” People don’t leave companies, they leave leader.” At the core of relationships is EQ.

A sales maxim is that “relationships are everything”. Some of the EQ applications in business that have increased revenues are:

  • Improved customer service through recruiting higher EQ customer service providers;
  • Increased sales performance through recruiting and training more emotionally intelligent salespeople; and
  • Superior leadership from developing and recruiting emotionally intelligent executives.

Organizations that have service and EQ-positive climate, where employees feel a strong sense of relationship and are emotionally engaged, have significantly higer profitability. EQ appears to be the key reason for this competitive advantage.

The Harvard Business Review 2003 examined the data on emotional intelligence with the following conclusion:

“If emotional obliviousness jeopardizes your ability to perform, fend off aggressors, or be compassionate ina crisis, no amount of attention to the bottom line will protect your career.

“Emotional intelligence isn’t a luxury organizations can dispense with in though times. It is a basic tool that, deployed with finesse, is the key professional success.”

Emotional intelligence is emerging as a critical factor for sustaining high performance and motivation.

Increasingly, business are turning to EQ, seeking a win-win solution to challenges in customer service, loyalty, employee retention, productivity and leadership.

Article by Seow Bee Leng

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Time to Shine

Posted by Zwe on October 11, 2008

An interview is your chance to market yourself as the best person for the job!

YESTERDAY’S article discussed what a job-seeker needs to do before the interview, such as researching the company and the job applied for, and projecting a professional image.

Here are some tips on how to conduct yourself on the day of the interview.

Be confident

It is hard to tell what to expect behind that entrance door. It could be a busy office with many people, or a very quiet office where everyone looks up when you enter the door.

Walk with a confident stride and a smile. Be nice to everyone, not just the interviewer. Do not touch anything in the interviewer’s office or in the open reception area. Just sit quietly and wait.

If you are concerned about a long wait, bring along a book to read. Some employers may make you wait on purpose to see how you react to those around you and if you get impatient. Some employers may make you wait on purpose to see how you react to those around you and if you get impatient. Sometimes you may have to wait because they may have a problem to solve. Remember that they do not interview people for a living; they have business to conduct as usual.

Filling forms

Some employers may want you to fill in a form before the interview. Do not attach the resume and write, “refer to resume” on the form. If they wanted a resume, they would have asked you for it. If they want you to fill in a form, complete it properly, include all information, and check for accuracy.

As tedious as it may be, form filling is a routine chore you have to come to terms with if you are a job seeker. Always bring your own pen that you are comfortable writing with.

Important questions

Prepare honest and persuasive answers to likely questions such as:

  • Why do you want to join us?
  • What can you bring to the job/company?
  • Why did you leave your last job or why are you leaving your present job?
  • Tell me about your last/present job?
  • How will you set about tackling this job if you are successful?
  • What do you think the main changes will be between your last/present job and this one?

Do’s and don’ts


  • Be positive. Watch your body language – for example, don’t cross your arms as it gives the impression of putting up a barrier between you and the interviewer; make frequent eye contact; and sit up straight.
  • Listen. Acknowledge that you understand what is being communicated to you by nodding your head or saying, “Yes, I understand”.
  • Reply to any questions clearly and concisely
  • Make a note of points to return to
  • Be courteous to everyone you meet
  • Be honest.


  • Interrupt
  • Fidget
  • Let your mind wander
  • Be afraid to sell yourself
  • Just answer with a yes or no – the interviewer will not be impressed.

Remember to thank the interviewer for seeing you, shae his hand firmly and confirm that you want the job.

Believe in yourself, your skills and abilityies. You wwould not have been selected for the interview if the company did not think you could be right person for the job.

Every interview is a learning experience and each one teaches you a little bit more about what to say and do and what to avoid. If you are unsuccessful, don’t be too dismayed – there is always a next time. The better your interview techinque, the more quickly you will succced at finding a job.

Article by Jonas Ang

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Prepare yourself well

Posted by Zwe on October 9, 2008

PREPARING for your interviews is an important process that many job seekers overlook. It is not a process that requires a lot of time but it does require some discipline.

Often, the toughest part of getting any job is likely to be the interview – that moment when you come face to face with a prospective employer. And just when you need all the confidence you can muster, it seems to completely disappear.

Getting through interviews and making them work effectively for you just takes careful planning.


If an interview has been set, you will know the name of the employer (that is, the company name). Do your homework: find out more about the company you are hoping to join.

Find out as much as you can about the job you are applying for, try and work out what sort of person is required and match that to your own strengths and skills.

This information can be found in many sources like business directories and listings and company websites. Company profiles can also be found in their annual reports. You could also speak to friends, relatives and acquaintances in the workforce to find out what they know about a certain company or job.

If you are confident enough, you may also wish to call up the company and speak to someone in the corporate communications or human resource department.

Staff in corporate communications and human resource are generally willing to assist by giving out non-sensitive information on their company provided you explain your purpose.

Larger organizations and foreign companies tend to be more open to giving information. Ask questions about the nature of the company’s business, where it based, where its headquarters are and what their main products are.

Time and place

If necessary, check a street directory for the exact location of the building and the location of the nearest bus stops and MRT stations.


Plan what you are going to wear the day before the interview. Ensure your clothes are clean, fresh and well pressed. Take a cue form how people in that profession or sector generally dress. It is safer to be slightly conservative.

Wearing a suit is not really necessary unless you are a candidate for a senior appointment. A conservative simple tie, a well-pressed long-sleeved shirt and dark trousers is adequate for men.

For women, a dark jacket with a plain blouse always gives a professional appearance. Skirts should be of an appropriated length. Jewellery and accessories must not be distracting to the interviewer. Avoid clothing that is ill-fitting, revealing or casual.

Ensure your hair is properly combed or brushed. If you wear after shave or perfume, choose something with a light fragrance; avoid anything that is “overpowering”. For women, put on some light make-up for a polished look.


Be sure to place all the important documents, references and information you need in a good-quality folder with clear plastic sheets. This way, you can display all your certificates nicely without having to take them in an out of an envelope.

Some applicants bring their documents and references rolled up or crumpled – this creates an impression of a disorganized person.

Carry the folder in a presentable briefcase that makes you look professional. Avoid shopping and travel bags.

Mental preparation

Prepare yourself mentally. Spend sometime reviewing your achievements and praise yourself for what you have done so far. This is not the time to be self-critical or to compare yourself negatively with others.

Tell yourself that the fact that they want to interview you mean half the battle is won, and you have got a foot in the door.

Visualize yourself succeeding at the interview and being happy with how you performed. If necessary, practice and rehearse ho you will respond and conduct yourself. Practice your answers to frequently asked questions at interviews so that you can respond naturally at the actual interview.

If the interview is int the morning, try to have an early night the day before the interview. For an afternoon interview, avoid scheduling activities two to three hours before that, in order to arrive in a calm and relaxed frame of mind.


Making sure you get to the interview on time. Being even a minute late is very rude. If your interview is in a large building, you may have to wait for elevators that may take a long time.

Allow sufficient time for traveling, get there at least 10 minutes early and make your way to the office where the interview is being held. Take a few deep breaths to clam yourself before you enter.

Article by Jonas Ang, senior HR director, APAC, Kelly Services Inc, a global human resources solutions company. For more job search tips, email

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ရန္ကုန္သား အေခၚအေဝၚ

Posted by Zwe on October 4, 2008

ရန္ကုန္သားဆိုေတာ့ ရန္ကုန္အေခၚေတြပဲ ေျပာၾကည့္ပါမယ္…။

ေဖေဖ၊ ေမေမ၊ အေဖ၊ အေမ
ဖိုးဖိုး၊ ဖြားဖြား၊ အဖိုး၊ အဖြား (အေဖအေမတို႕၏မိဘမ်ား)
အဘိုး၊ အဘြား၊ အေမႀကီး (အဖိုးအဖြားမ်ား၏ မိဘမ်ား)
သား၊ သမီး

ကိုႀကီး၊ အစ္ကို၊ အစ္မ
ညီမ၊ ညီမေလး၊ ညီ၊ ညီေလး

ဘဘ၊ ဘႀကီး(အေဖ့အစ္ကို၊ အေမ့အစ္ကို)
ဦးေလး(အေဖ့ညီ၊ အေမ့ေမာင္)
ႀကီးေမ၊ ႀကီးေဒၚ(အေဖ့အစ္မ၊ အေမ့အစ္မ)
အေဒၚ၊ ေဒၚေလး (အေဖ့ညီမ၊ အေမ့ညီမ)
တူ၊ တူမ

ေယာက္ဖ(အစ္မေယာက္်ား၊ ညီမေယာက္်ား၊ မိန္းမအစ္ကို၊ မိန္းမေမာင္) (က်ား သံုး)
ခယ္မ(မိန္းမအစ္မ၊ မိန္းမညီမ) (က်ား သံုး)
မရီး(အစ္ကို႕မိန္းမ) (က်ား သံုး)

ညီရဲ႕ မိန္းမကို အစ္ကိုက ဘယ္လိုေခၚတယ္ မရွိပါ…။ (တစ္ခ်ဳိ႕က ခယ္မပဲ သံုးပါတယ္…။)

ေယာင္းမ(ေယာက္်ားအစ္မ၊ ေယာက္်ားညီမ၊ အစ္ကို႕မိန္းမ၊ ေမာင္မိန္းမ) (မ သံုး)
ခဲအို(အစ္မေယာက္်ား) (မ သံုး)
မတ္(ေယာက္်ားညီ၊ ညီမေယာက္်ား) (မ သံုး)

ေယာက္်ားရဲ႕အစ္ကိုကို ဘယ္လိုေခၚတယ္ မရွိပါ…။ (တခ်ဳိ႕က ခဲအိုပဲ သံုးပါတယ္…။)

ေယာကၡမ(ေယာက္်ားမိဘ၊ မိန္းမမိဘ) (တစ္ခါတရံကြဲျပားေစခ်င္မွသာ ေယာကၡထီးကိုသံုး၊ ပံုမွန္တြင္ ႏွစ္ဦးလံုးကို ေယာကၡမဟုသာသံုး)

မယားညီအစ္ကို (မိန္းမအစ္မ သို႕မဟုတ္ ညီမ ၏ ေယာက္်ားႏွင့္ ေတာ္စပ္ပံု)
လင္ညီအစ္မ (ေယာက္်ားအစ္ကို သို႕မဟုတ္ ညီ ၏ မိန္းမႏွင့္ေတာ္စပ္ပံု)

မိန္းမအစ္ကို သို႕မဟုတ္ ေမာင္ ၏ မိန္းမႏွင့္ ဘယ္လိုေတာ္စပ္သလဲ ေခၚေ၀ၚတာမရွိပါ…။
ေယာက္်ားအစ္မ သို႕မဟုတ္ ညီမ ၏ ေယာက္်ားႏွင့္ ဘယ္လိုေတာ္စပ္သလဲ ေခၚေ၀ၚတာမရွိပါ…။

ခ်စ္သူ၊ ရည္းစား (ရည္ငံေနေသာသူ)

ဇနီး၊ ခင္ပြန္း၊ အိမ္ေထာင္ဖက္၊ အမ်ဳိးသား၊ အမ်ဳိးသမီး၊ အိမ္ရွင္မ၊ အိမ္ေထာင္ဦးစီး၊ အိမ္ဦးနတ္၊ လင္၊ မယား (လက္ထပ္ယူထားေသာသူ)
မယားႀကီး၊ လင္ႀကီး (ပထမအိမ္ေထာင္)
မယားငယ္၊ လင္ငယ္၊ မယားၿပိဳင္၊ ေနာက္အိမ္ေထာင္ (အိမ္ေထာင္ရွိလ်က္ ထပ္ယူထားသူ)

မိေထြး၊ ပေထြး (အေဖ၊ အေမ၏ ေနာက္အိမ္ေထာင္)
မယားပါသား၊ မယားပါသမီး၊ လင္ပါသား၊ လင္ပါသမီး (ေနာက္အိမ္ေထာင္မွပါလာေသာ သားသမီးမ်ား)

ဝင္းကေလာ မွ ေဇာ္ဂ်ီ ေဖာင့္ကိုေျပာင္းၿပီးတင္ထားပါတယ္၊ ေအာက္ပါလင့္ခ္ ကို အသံုးျပဳပါသည္။

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