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16/8/4 GB USB flash drive capacity down to 938 MB

Posted by Zwe on May 25, 2016

I managed to do it with diskpart. What I was missing is the command to create a new partition. So here is a run-down of all the commands I used, step by step.

Beware that when typing select disk 1 (step 4), your disk number may be different. Selecting the incorrect disk may result in significant data loss.

  1. cmd
  2. diskpart
  3. list disk
  4. select disk 1
  5. list partition
  6. clean
  7. list partition
  8. create partition primary
  9. list partition
  10. format fs=fat32 quick
  11. list partition
  12. exit

diskpart repair usb thumb drive

Here it is now:


Shows up as a 14.6 GB drive.


And it looks good in diskmgmt.msc too. So it’s all good now.

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Improve your IELTS speaking skills – 10 tips Read more

Posted by Zwe on April 11, 2016

Credit to original link 

1. Record yourself and then write down your answer

This is something everyone should try. It is almost certainly a bad idea to write your answer first and then speak it. This is because we speak and write in very different ways and it is a mistake to try and train yourself to speak in the way you write. But you can learn a lot from recording what you say and then writing that down word for word. Things you can learn are:

  • Do you say enough? Do you give very short answers? In parts 1 and 3, you should say at least a couple of sentences in answer to every question.
  • Is what you say organised? Can you see a structure to your answer? Is it possible to put in sentences and paragraph breaks? Do you have some organisation language like “The first point is..”
  • Do you speak too slowly or too quickly? Try counting the words in your part 2 answer. Most of my answers as a native speaker are about 240 words long. You should probably aim for around 200 or so. Less than that and you are speaking too slowly, but if you have more than that, it may be that you are speaking too quickly.
  • How long are your pauses? You can pause, but your pauses should generally come between sentences/paragraphs and they shouldn’t be more than 2/3 of seconds
  • Did you answer the question?
  • Is your pronunciation okay? If you can’t immediately understand what you say, the examiner won’t either!
  • Are there some words you repeat a lot? You probably shouldn’t worry too much about content words such as “television” – native speakers will repeat those a lot when speaking. Rather you should look at more functional words/phrases such as “I think”. It’s very easy to repeat these a lot and it is also quite simple to train yourself to use more variety.
This is an exercise I use a lot in my own classroom and I find that most everyone has a telephone that records and the quality on that is just fine.

2. Do it first in your own language

This is perhaps an unusual piece of advice. In the speaking, you should aim to be thinking and speaking in English as much as possible and not translating from your language to English. It can, however,  sometimes help to practise the long turn part 2 in your own language first:

  • some people struggle to speak in their own language for 2 minutes: they prefer short/concise answers and not longer more discussion type answers. So before you try it in English, make sure you can do it in your first language.
  • it helps you understand how long 2 minutes is and how much you need to say to fill that time
  • if you record and listen to yourself in your first language, you will probably find yourself using quite a lot of “structure” language such as “As I mentioned before”. This is a lot of the language you need for part 2.

3. Don’t practise the whole part 2, do it bit by bit

Some people find part 2 frightening because they are worried they can’t speak for 2 minutes. Relax. You don’t have to. It’s much easier than that, you need to speak for

  • 20 seconds
  • 20 seconds
  • 20 seconds
  • I minute
This is because there are always 4 points for you to talk about on the cue card. You want to try practising talking about the first 3 points on the cue card for about 20 seconds each (the who, where, what type questions). Make sure you don’t say “last year”, but you extend that a little (see describing a wedding for an example). Then all you need to do is talk for 1 minute on the longer question at the end that is almost always about explaining something.

4. Practise by describing photographs

In the exam of course you don’t get any photograph to help you. It would probably be easier if you did because when you have a photograph, you can see what you need to talk about. The idea is here that if you learn to see pictures as you are speaking, you find more things to say. I suggest:

  • find a picture about an IELTS topic e.g. a picture of a wedding – describe what you see
  • then try talking about the same topic without the picture
  • in the exam itself, all you need to do is imagine a picture in your head
What I strongly suggest is that you look at your own photographs, as what you will need to speak about are your own memories.

5. Read then speak

It helps to practise reading and speaking together because reading gives you words and sometimes ideas. This idea is a very simple one. When you read a passage in English, you should then try and summarise what it says speaking. The ways this works is:

  • to summarise a reading text, you are going to need to use some of the words used in it
  • if you say the word aloud, you have learnt that word better and are more likely to us fit for yourself in the future
  • if the text is longer, you should find yourself having to list the different points it contains. This should help the coherence of your speaking as you will need to use language like “Firstly…then… next …”etc
Two extremely good sources for this type of reading is 6 minute English and my favourite Words in the News. It sometimes helps to choose 5 words from the text you are reading that you want to use when you speak.

6. Improve your memory – write your life history

Parts 1 and 2 of the speaking test are personal questions about who you are (part 1) and what you have done (part 2). One reason why some candidates have problems is not the language, but that they can’t think of things to say. The solution is simple – refresh your memory about important events in your life before the test.

The idea is not so much to practise exam questions (it’s hard to predict those), but to practise speaking about your memories of people, events, places and things. Do that and the exam should be simpler as you have memories you can use. Write down some personal memories and then try speaking about them. Some ideas here are:

  • think of important/interesting people in your life: Ask yourself: When did you meet them? How long have you known them? Why are they important/interesting? Can you remember something you did together? What about a conversation you had with them?
  • think of important events in your life: Ask yourself: What it was? Where did it happen? Who were you with at the time? What else was happening in your life then? What one thing stands out in your memory about it? How well do you remember it?
  • think of places you have been to:  Ask yourself: Where it was? How did you get there? In what detail can you describe the place? Can you describe the general area it is in? Would you want to go back there?
  • think of your possessions: Ask yourself: How long have you owned it? Where did you get it? Is it special or something normal? How often do you use it? Do you associate with someone else?

7. Practise saying “I don’t know”

Another reason why some candidates go wrong in the exam is that they feel they have to give a complete answer to very question and they think of IELTS as some academic test. It isn’t. It’s simply a test of your language. In parts 1 and 3, you may well be asked questions that you have very little to say about. That’s not a problem, there’s always another question coming. The big mistake is to try and give a full answer when you have nothing to say. What happens is that your language becomes confused and so do you, with the result that things get and worse and worse.

All you need to do is say you don’t know and explain why and then wait for the next question. This may take a little practice. You want to build a set of phrases such as:

Q. What colour is your favourite room and why did you choose that colour?

A. I’m not sure what to say about that. It’s not a question I’ve ever thought about before. I suppose yellow is just my favourite colour and so I painted my room yellow?

You can find some useful language for this on vocabulary for harder questions and if you are looking for some harder questions, take a look at this list of difficult job interview questions.

8. Talk to a mirror

This is another strange sounding piece of advice, but it can be very practical – especially if you don’t have a speaking partner. The idea is that when you practise speaking, you should sit in front of a mirror and speak to yourself. It can work because:

  • eye contact is extremely important in all parts of the test. As a former speaking examiner for other exams, I can promise you that examiners are influenced by candidates who make eye contact  – even though they may not be aware of this. Typically, the candidate who makes good eye contact gets a more generous mark because they seem to be communicating better as body language is around 70% of all communication.
  • the other point is that, for most people, sitting and looking at themselves in a mirror is an uncomfortable experience. After that, the exam will seem easy!

9. Write your own questions

This is another activity that I suggest everyone should try at least once. You should of course practise with “real” exam questions too, but there is a lot to be learnt from writing the questions first and then trying to answer them. The way it works is that if you write the question yourself,:

  • you are more likely to try and answer it properly and give a full answer because you understand what the question is asking – good practice
  • you learn to add details to your answers by thinking of more question words. So when you answer the question “Are you a student or do you have a job?”, you are more likely to say “I’m a student at Wuhan University and I have been studying there for the last 3 years” – adding information by thinking of the question “How long” even though you weren’t asked it.
All you need to do this is look at general IELTS topics from my speaking page and making up your own questions.

10. Improve your coherence and fluency – easy as 1-2-3 0r 3-2-1

This is another of my favourite classroom speaking activities. Ideally, you need one or two more people to practise this with, but you can do it by yourself. The idea is that you don’t just practise speaking for 2 minutes. Rather, you start off by speaking for 3 minutes about that topic, then you do the same thing for 2 minutes, then for 1 minute. In the perfect world, you would also speak to a different person each time.

How does it work? The first time your answer is probably slightly incoherent and lacks fluency. The next time you speak though, you know what you want to say and, if you have listened to someone else speak, you now have more ideas. The result is that when you speak, you answer becomes more fluent and coherent. Then when you do it for 1 minute, your answer needs to become even more coherent because you now have lots of things to say but not very much time to say it.

I should add that this activity works best if you have different people to speak to. It works because each time you speak to someone different, it becomes a different conversation – even if you are talking about the same thing.

Read more: Improve your IELTS speaking skills – 10 tips |
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IELTS (International English Language Testing System)

Posted by Zwe on April 9, 2016

The IELTS test assesses your abilities in all four skills – listening, reading, writing and speaking – in under three hours.

There are two versions of the IELTS test format.
1. IELTS Academic Training
2. IELTS General Training
Understand the IELTS test format

IELTS General Training measures English language proficiency in a practical, everyday context. The tasks and tests reflect both workplace and social situations.

Listening* (30 minutes, plus 10 minutes extra to transfer your answer to your answer sheet)

*Four recorded monologues and conversations

Reading (60 minutes)

  • Three reading passages with tasks
  • Section 1 contains two or three short factual texts
  • Section 2 contains two short, work-related, factual texts
  • Section 3 contains one longer text on a topic of general interest
  • Texts are authentic (e.g. taken from company handbooks, official documents, books and newspapers)

IELTS writing tips from phuong “how to get band 7” click here

IELTS Reading tips 

  • Spelling is important in your answers
  • Go back and check the spelling of your answers
  • Look at the picture and title before your read
  • Looking at the picture, title and then the questions will help to prepare you for what you’re going to read
  • Don’t spend too much time on one question
  • If a question is too difficult, go on to the next question and come back to it if you have time

IELTS Listening tips

  • Underlining key words in the questions will help you focus when your are listening
  • Always write an answer even if you’re not sure. it’s correct – you might get it right!
  • You will lose marks for incorrect spelling, so check your answer carefully.

IELTS Speaking tips

  • Talk about what you know, rather than general ideas
  • Talking about your own experiences is easier than talking about abstract ideas
  • Practise speaking on a variety of topics
  • Record yourself and listen back to see if your sound interested
  • Practise stressing key words
  • The best way to improve your speaking is to practise. Listen to yourself to check your intonation.
  • It’s ok to ask the examiner to repeat the question
  • You won’t lose marks for asking the examiner to repeat the question
  • Watch the tense in the question
  • Making a note of the tense in the question will help you to decide which tenses are best for your answer
  • It’s ok to describe a word if you can’t remember it in English

IELTS Writing tips

  • Write the correct amount of words
  • Look at the word count on the exam and make sure you write enough words
  • Develop your vocabulary through reading
  • Doing lots of reading and making a note of new words will really help you to improve your vocabulary
  • Time is important you’ve got 20 minutes on first part and 40 minutes on second part
  • You have one hour to complete both writing tasks and you should spend 20 minutes on part one and 40 minutes on part two

Grammer & Vocabulary (

Word on the Street (

English through songs

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How to Open Terminal to a Specific Folder in Ubuntu’s File Browser

Posted by Zwe on February 5, 2016

To install the “Open in Terminal” option in the Nautilus context menu, press Ctrl + Alt + T to open Terminal. Type the following command at the prompt and press Enter.

sudo apt-get install nautilus-open-terminal

Then: nautilus -q In order to restart Nautilus

How to Open Terminal to a Specific Folder in Ubuntu’s File Browser

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Resize VirtualBox Disk Image – grow, expand, increase a .VDI disk image in 1 minute

Posted by Zwe on February 5, 2016

How to re-size a VirtualBox vmdk file

Using Linux as a Host

open a Terminal session and type:

# VBoxManage clonehd “source.vmdk” “cloned.vdi” –format vdi
Resize to 50GB -> # VBoxManage modifyhd “cloned.vdi” –resize 51200
# VBoxManage clonehd “cloned.vdi” “resized.vmdk” –format vmdk

# VBoxManage clonehd “WSUS-CLIENT-64-disk2.vmdk” “UATVM.vdi” –format vdi
# VBoxManage modifyhd “UATVM.vdi” –resize 51200
# VBoxManage clonehd “UATVM.vdi” “UATVM.vmdk” –format vmdk

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Remote Accessing to Ubuntu 14.04 Desktop

Posted by Zwe on October 7, 2015

Step 1: Install VNC Server on Ubuntu machine sudo apt-get install x11vnc

Step 2. On Ubuntu Desktop search X11VNC Server

Step 3. Set the x11vnc Listening Port “5902”, File Transfer “TightVNC” and press OK.

Step 4. Select “Accept Connections” and Define Password as “admin”. Click “Apply” and “OK”.

Step 5. Check your Ubuntu Server IP address ifconfig

Step 6. At your Windows machine you need to  install VNC client, for example Tight VNC

Step 7. Double click to install tightvnc-2.7.10-setup-64bit.

Step 8. Search tightVNC Viewer on Windows 8 machine.

Step 9. Enter Remote Host IP address “

Step 10. Enter Password: admin

Step 11. tightVNC Viewer is successfully establish connection to Ubuntu Server.

Remote Accessing to Ubuntu 14.04 desktop


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Converting between GUI and Server Core – Microsoft Windows 2012

Posted by Zwe on September 24, 2015

Download PDF Guide -> Converting between GUI and Server Core – Microsoft Windows 2012

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How to Install Hyper-V on a Virtual Machine in Hyper-V

Posted by Zwe on September 13, 2015

Hyper-V cannot be installed a hypervisor is already running

If you have tried to install the Hyper-V in Windows Server 2012 through Server Manager probably encountered the following message: The following message appears preventing you from continuing the process: Hyper-V can not be installed: The hypervisor is already running.

Hyper V can not be installed The hypervisor is already running


To resolve this issue, change the guest OS type to Hyper-V.

Note: I am using VMWare Workstation 12 Pro Trial version.

To change the guest OS type to Hyper-V:
  1. Shut down the virtual machine.
  2. Click Virtual machine > Settings.
  3. Select General and change the guest OS type to Hyper-V (unsupported).
  4. Select Processors & Memory in the Settings.
  5. In the Visualization engine, select Virtualize Intel VT-x/EPT or AMD-V/RVI.
  6. Reboot the virtual machine to enable Hyper-V.

Select General and change the guest OS type to Hyper-V (unsupported)

Virtualization Engine Setting


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Windows 7 Free Training

Posted by Zwe on September 12, 2015

Part 1: Installing, Upgrading, and Migrating to Windows 7

1 Windows 7 Editions
2 Clean install Of Windows 7
3 Install methods and dual booting
4 Upgrading to Windows 7
5 Installing Windows 7 from the network
6 Migrating to Windows 7

Part 2: Deploying Windows

1 Customizing Windows 7
2 Creating A Reference Image
3 Performing Maintenance On A Image
Deploying a WIM Image
5 MDT 2010

Part 3: Configuring Hardware and Applications

1 Virtual Hard disks
2 Configuring devices drivers
3 Troubleshooting devices drivers
4 Configuring USB
5 Application Compatibility
6 Application Compatibly Toolkit
7 XP Mode
8 Application restrictions
9 App Locker
10 Internet Explorer

Part 4: Configuring Network Connectivity

1 Introduction to the Internet Protocol (IP)
2 Internet Protocol Version 4
3 Internet Protocol Version 6
4 Troubleshooting IP
5 Wireless Networking
6 Windows Firewall
7 Windows Firewall with advanced security
8 Remote Management
9 Remote Management Tools

Part 5: Configuring Access to Resources

1 Folder Virtualization
2 HomeGroup
3 Folder Sharing
4 Managing Windows 7 Printers
5 Configure File and folder access
6 NTFS Special Permissions
7 Encrypting File System
8 Configure User Account Control
9 Authentication and Authorization
10 Certificates
11 Smartcards
12 Rights and elevating permissions
13 BranchCache

Part 6: Configuring Mobile Computing

1 Bitlocker
2 Bitlocker to go
3 Bitlocker and Recovery
4 DirectAccess
5 Offline Files
6 Transparent Caching
7 Power Options

Part 7: Monitoring and Maintaining Systems that Run Windows

1 Remote Connections
2 Windows Updates
3 Manage disks
4 Dynamic disks
5 Disk Defragmentation
6 Disk Tools and Removal Device Policy
7 Event Viewer
8 Event Forwarding
9 Event Forwarding source initiated
10 Data collector sets
11 Performance Options

Part 8: Configuring Backup and Recovery Options

1 Backup and Restore
2 System Recovery Image
3 System Restore Points
4 Previous versions
5 System recovery options

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Remotely Viewing and Killing Tasks From Command Prompt

Posted by Zwe on August 13, 2015

Windows has several built in command line utilities for performing various tasks, and two tools which are useful for this job are “Tasklist” and “Taskkill”. If you open an admin command prompt (Press Start, type cmd, press Ctrl+Shift+Enter) and type tasklist, it will give you a list of running processes on your computer. It can however, be used to get the task list from a remote computer with a few extra arguments, they are:
Tasklist /S remote system (name or IP address) /U username /P password


Make sure to put anything in quotes that has a space in the name. This will give you a list of remote process names running on the target computer along with their Process IDentifier (PID) and memory usage. Killing a process in the list is achieved with the taskkill command that has a similar syntax to tasklist:
Taskkill /S remote system /U username /P password /IM Process


Simply add the process name (including .exe) or the PID number you wish to kill along with the “/IM” argument after the computer name, username and password. If it works a SUCCESS message will show. If the process doesn’t get killed, try and add /F to the end of the line to force the process to be terminated. Obviously some processes cannot be terminated such as those which are system critical or security software etc.
Read More:

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